Ancient Metaphysics, "The Foundations of Philosophy"


Ancient AssyriaAncient Assyria's timeline spans from 5000 BCE, when its first sites were inhabited, to 609 BCE when Ashur-Uballit II, the last Assyrian king, retreated in defeat at Harran.

Ancient Assyria is the term used to describe a region on the Upper Tigris River, named for its original capital, the ancient city of Assur. According to some Judeo-Christian traditions, the city of Ashur was founded by Ashur the son of Shem, who was deified by later generations as the city's patron god.

The upper Tigris River valley seems to have been ruled from Sumer, Akkad, and northern Babylonia in its earliest stages, and was part of Sargon the Great's empire.

Assyria proper was located in a mountainous region, extending along the Tigris as far as the high Gordiaean or Carduchian mountain range of Armenia, sometimes called the "Mountains of Ashur."

Later, as a nation and Empire, it also came to include roughly the northern half of Mesopotamia. (The southern half being Babylonia).

Portal Guardian from NimrudThrough history, The Assyrian kings controlled large kingdoms at three different times. These are called:

  • The Old Kingdom - (2000 to 1500 BCE)
  • The Middle Kingdom (1500 to 1000 BCE)
  • The Neo-Assyrian Kingdom (1000 to 609 BCE)

The Assyrians were passionate about the subjects of Astronomy, Astrology, History, Mythology, and Science and their Metaphysical implications to daily life.

Ashurbanipal, king of AssyriaFor example, one Assyrian king, Assurbanipal, who ruled in the seventh century BCE from 668 BCE to 625 BCE, was famous for assembling a great library of cuneiform tablets in Nineveh on the subjects of Astrology, History, Mythology and Science.

Using Astrology, for the interpretation of omens, some of Assurbanipal's astrologers, such as Rammanu-sumausar and Nabu-musisi, became so adept at interpreting omens from daily movements of the planets that a system of making periodical reports to the king came into being.

Receiving swift messengers detailing 'all occurrences in heaven and earth' throughout his kingdom, and the results of his astrologer's examinations of them, Assurbanipal used the information as a political weapon, for the practical day-to-day running of his kingdom.

After his death, the Assyrian city of Nineveh fell to the Medians and the Chaldean Babylonians, and Assurbanipal's library was destroyed or dispersed.

Nimrud LenseMillennia later, there is ongoing discussion over the nature of the Nimrud lens. A piece of rock crystal unearthed in 1850 from the Nimrud palace complex in northern Iraq. Some believe that it is evidence for the existence of ancient Assyrian telescopes, which could explain the great accuracy of Assyrian Astronomy.




"What we achieve inwardly will change outer reality."
 -- Plutarch

Metaphysics Network 
"What shall it profit a man, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul?"
 --Jesus Christ

"By three methods we may learn wisdom: first, by reflection, which is noblest; second, by imitation, which is easiest; and third by experience, which is the bitterest."

"When I investigate and when I discover that the forces of the heavens and the planets are within ourselves, then truly I seem to be living among the gods."
 --Leon Battista Alberti

Site Search


"It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it."
-- Aristotle
"If a man will begin with certainties, he shall end in doubts; but if he will be content to begin with doubts, he shall end in certainties."
 --Francis Bacon
"To be ignorant of the lives of the most celebrated men of antiquity is to continue in a state of childhood all our days."
 -- Plutarch
"Wisdom outweighs any wealth."
 -- Sophocles