Ancient Metaphysics, "The Foundations of Philosophy"


Ancient RomeAncient Rome is the term used to describe the civilization that grew out of the city-state of Rome, founded on the Italian Peninsula approximately the 9th century BCE.

During its twelve-century existence, the Roman civilization came to dominate Western Europe and the entire area surrounding the Mediterranean Sea through conquest and assimilation.

The eventual decline of the Roman Empire can be attributed to a number of factors:

  • The western half of the empire, including Hispania, Gaul, and Italy, eventually broke into independent kingdoms in the 5th century.
  • The eastern half of the empire, governed from Constantinople, became known as the Byzantine Empire after it fell in 476 CE. This is the traditional date for the "fall of Rome" and subsequent onset of the Middle Ages.

The Roman civilization is often grouped with Ancient Greece, a civilization that inspired much of the culture of ancient Rome. Ancient Rome contributed greatly to the development of law, war, art, literature, architecture, and language in the Western world.




"What we achieve inwardly will change outer reality."
 -- Plutarch

Metaphysics Network 
"What shall it profit a man, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul?"
 --Jesus Christ

"By three methods we may learn wisdom: first, by reflection, which is noblest; second, by imitation, which is easiest; and third by experience, which is the bitterest."

"When I investigate and when I discover that the forces of the heavens and the planets are within ourselves, then truly I seem to be living among the gods."
 --Leon Battista Alberti

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"It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it."
-- Aristotle
"If a man will begin with certainties, he shall end in doubts; but if he will be content to begin with doubts, he shall end in certainties."
 --Francis Bacon
"To be ignorant of the lives of the most celebrated men of antiquity is to continue in a state of childhood all our days."
 -- Plutarch
"Wisdom outweighs any wealth."
 -- Sophocles